An inventory of saprophagous Calyptratae (Insecta: Diptera) in urban green spaces of Buenos Aires City

Luciano Damián Patitucci, Pablo Ricardo Mulieri, Martha Cecilia Domínguez, Juan Carlos Mariluis


The biodiversity inventory is an urgent task for insect conservation. Particularly, the urban green spaces (non-built-up areas) within urban environments are a fundamental element to the maintenance, and restoration of biodiversity. We described the diversity of saprophagous Calyptratae in three urban green spaces: a private garden, an urban park, and a natural reserve in Buenos Aires City, Argentina, and we compared the presence of native and cosmopolite species. A total of 14,688 specimens were collected, representing 62 species. The three most abundant species, C. macellaria, T. (S.) occidua, and C. albiceps, represent 81.70 % of the total sample. 67.24 % of species collected were natives and presented an increase in terms of richness towards less modified spaces. Muscoidea species were more sensible to the change produced by urban development on the natural ecosystems. Species cosmopolite treated as “global homogenizers” were identified.

Palabras clave

biodiversidad, Caliptratae, Argentina

Texto completo:



AABA [Internet]. c2004-2009. Argentina: Buenos Aires: Atlas Ambiental de Buenos Aires; [updated 2010 Dec 31; cited 2014 Dec 09]. Available from:”

Battán-Horestein, M., A.X. Linhares, B. Rosso & M.D. Garcia. 2007. Species composition and seasonal succession of saprophagous calliphorids in a rural area of Córdoba, Argentina. Biol. Res. 40 (2): 163–171.

Baumgartner, D.L. & B. Greenberg. 1984. The genus Chrysomya (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the New World. J. Med. Entomol. 21 (1): 105-113.

Brown, B.V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. Zumbado. 2010. Manual of Central American Diptera, Volume 2. National Research Council of Canada Press, Canada, 1142 pp.

Carvalho, C.J.B. de, J.R. Almeida & C.B. de. Jesús. 1984. Dípteros sinantrópicos de Curitiba e arredores (Paraná, Brasil). I. Muscidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 28 (4): 551-560.

Carvalho, C.J.B. de, A.C. Pont, M.S. Couri & D. Pamplona. 2003. A catalogue of the Fanniidae (Diptera) of the Neotropical Region. Zootaxa. 219: 1-32.

Carvalho, C.J.B. de, M.S. Couri, A.C. Pont, D. Pamplona & S.M. Lopes. 2005. A Catalogue of the Muscidae (Diptera) of the Neotropical Region. Zootaxa. 860: 1-282.

Carvalho, C.J.B. de & C.A. de Mello-Patiu. 2008. Key to the adults of the most common forensic species of Diptera in South America. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52 (3): 309-406.

Denys, C. & H. Schmidt. 1998. Insect communities on experimental mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris L.) plots along an urban gradient. Oecologia, 113: 269-277.

Domínguez, M.C. 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Southern South American species of the genus Fannia Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Fanniidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 47 (24): 289-347.

Domínguez, M.C. & F.H. Aballay. 2014. An updated key to the species of Fannia Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Fanniidae) of Southern South America, and the description of a new species from Mendoza, Argentina. Zootaxa. 3795 (2): 152-160

Erzinçlioglu, Z. 1996. Blowflies. The Richmond Publishing Press, Cambridge, 306 pp.

Ferreira, M.J. de M. 1979. Sinantropia de dípteros muscoideos de Curitiba. II: Sarcophagidae. Rev. Bras. Biol. 39 (4): 773-781.

Freeman, G.H. & J.H. Halton.1951. Note on exact treatment of contingency, goodness of fit and other problems of significance. Biometrika. 38 (1-2):141-149.

Figueroa-Roa, L. & A.X. Linhares. 2002. Sinantropia de los Calliphoridea (Diptera) de Valdívia, Chile. Neotrop. Entomol. 31(2): 233-239.

Figueroa-Roa, L. & A.X. Linhares.2004. Synantropy of Muscidae (Diptera) in the City of Valdivia, Chile. Neotrop. Entomol. 33 (5): 647-651.

Goddard, M.A., A.J. Dougill & T.G. Benton. 2009. Scaling up from gardens: biodiversity conservation in urban environments. Trends Ecol. Evol. 25: 90-98

Greenberg, B. 1973. Flies and Disease, Volume 1. Princeton Press, USA, 856 pp.

Hanski, I. 1987a. Nutritional ecology of dung-and carrion-feeding insects. In: Slansky, F.& J.G. Rodriguez (eds.), Nutritional Ecology of Insects, Mites, Spiders, and Related Invertebrates, pp. 837-884. John Wiley & Sons Press, USA.

Hanski, I. 1987b. Carrion fly community dynamics: patchiness, seasonality and coexistence. Ecol. Entomol. 12 (3): 257-266.

James, M.T. 1970. A catalogue of the Diptera of the Americas South of the United States. Family Calliphoridae. Mus. Zool. Univ. São Paulo. 102: 1-28.

Koller, W.W., A.T. Medeiros de Barros & E.C. Corrêa. 2011. Abundance and seasonality of Cochliomyia macellaria (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Southern Pantanal, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. 20 (1): 27-30.

Kim, K.C. 1993. Biodiversity, conservation and inventory: why insects matter. Biodivers. Conserv. 2: 191-214.

Krebs, C.J. 1999. Ecological methodology. Addison-Wesley Educational Press, USA. 620 pp.

Linhares, A.X. 1981. Synantropy of Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae (Diptera) in the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Rev. Brasil. Entomol. 25 (3): 189-215.

MacIvor, J.S. & J. Lundholm. 2010. Insect species composition and diversity on intensive green roofs and adjacent level-ground habitats. Urban Ecosyst. 14: 225-241.

MacLeod, J. & J. Donnelly. 1960. Natural features and blowfly movement. J Anim Ecol. 29 (1): 85-93.

Mariluis, J.C. & J.A. Schnack.1986. Ecología de una taxocenosis de Calliphoridae del área platense (Provincia de Buenos Aires) (Insecta, Diptera). Ecosur 12/13: 81-91.

Mariluis, J.C. & J.A. Schnack. 2002. Calliphoridae de la Argentina. Sistemática, ecología e importancia sanitaria (Diptera, Insecta). En: O. S. Salomón. (ed.), Actualizaciones en Artropodología Sanitaria Argentina, pp 23-37. Fundación Mundo Sano, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Mariluis, J.C., J.A. Schnack, P.R. Mulieri & J.P. Torretta. 2007. The Sarcophagidae (Diptera) of the Coastline of Buenos Aires City, Argentina. J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 80 (3): 243-251.

McIntyre, N.E. 2000. Ecology of urban arthropods: a review and a call to action. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 93: 825-835.

McKinnney, M.L. 2002. Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Conservation. BioScience. 52: 883-890.

McKinney, M.L. 2006. Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization. Biol. Cons. 127: 247-260.

Mc Kinney, M.L. 2008. Effects of urbanization on species richness: A review of plants and animals. Urban Ecosyst. 11:161-176.

Milkovic, M., Carbajo, A.E. & D. Rubel. 2009. Spatial distribution of canine faeces in Buenos Aires suburbs: implications for public health. Area. 41: 310-318.

Mulieri, P.R., J.C. Mariluis & L.D. Patitucci LD. 2010. Review of the Sarcophaginae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) of Buenos Aires Province (Argentina), with a key and description of a new species. Zootaxa. 2575: 1-37.

Mulieri, P.R., L.D. Patitucci, J.A. Schnack & J.C. Mariluis. 2011. Diversity and seasonal dynamics of an assemblage of Sarcophagidae (Diptera) in an urbanized gradient in Buenos Aires, Argentina. J. Insect Sci. 11: 1–15.

Mulieri, P.R., J.A. Schnack, J.C. Mariluis & J.P. Torretta JP. 2008. Flesh flies species (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) from a grassland and a woodland in a Nature Reserve of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3): 1287-1294.

Mulieri, P.R., J.P. Torretta, J.A. Schnack & J.C. Mariluis. 2006. Calliphoridae (Diptera) of the coastline of Buenos Aires, Argentina: species composition, numerical trends, and bait’s preferences. Entomol. News. 117 (2): 139-147.

Novotny, V. & Y. Basset. 2000. Rare species in communities of tropical insect herbivores: Pondering the mystery of singletons. Oikos. 89: 564-572.

Olea, M.S. & J.C. Mariluis. 2013. The genus Calliphora (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Argentina, with the first records of C. lopesi Mello 1962. Rev. Soc. Entomol. Argent. 72 (1): 99-104

Pape, T. 1996. Catalogue of Sarcophagidae of the world (Insecta: Diptera). Mem. Entomol. Intern. 8: 1-558.

Pape, T., V. Blagoderov, M.B. Mostovski & B. Mikhail. 2011. Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Z. Q. Zhang, (ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 3148: 222-229.

Patitucci, L.D., P.R. Mulieri, M.S. Olea & J.C. Mariluis. 2013. Muscidae (Insecta: Diptera) of Argentina: revision of Buenos Aires province fauna, with a pictorial key to species. Zootaxa. 3702: 301-347.

Patitucci, L.D., P.R. Mulieri, J.A. Schnack & J.C. Mariluis. 2011. Species composition and heterogeneity of blowflies assemblages (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in urban-rural gradients at regional scale in Argentinean Patagonia. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 46 (1): 49-58.

Pont, A.C. 1974. A catalogue of the dipteral of the Americas South of the United States. Family Anthomyiidae. Mus. Zool. Univ. São Paulo. 96a: 1-21.

Quiroga, L., S. Fischer & N. Schweigmann. 2013. Immature mosquitoes associated with urban parklands: Implications for water and mosquito management. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 29 (1): 27-32.

Rubio, A., M.I. Bellocq, & D. Vezzani. 2013. Macro- and microenvironmental factors affecting tyre-breeding flies (Insecta: Diptera) in urbanised areas. Ecol. Entomol. 38 (3): 303-314.

Samways, M.J. 2005. Insect diversity conservation. Cambridge Press, United Kingdom, 342 pp.

Schowalter, T. D. 2006. Insect Ecology. An Ecosystem Approach. Academic Press, London, 576 pp.

Smith, R.M., P.H. Warren, K. Thompson & K.J. Gaston. 2006a. Urban domestic gardens (VI): environmental correlates of invertebrate species richness. Biodivers. Conserv. 15: 2415-2438.

Smith, R.M., K.J. Gaston, P.H. Warren & K. Thompson. 2006b. Urban domestic gardens (VIII): environmental correlates of invertebrate abundance. Biodivers. Conserv. 15: 2515-2545.

Shannon, R.C. & E. Del Ponte. 1926. Sinopsis parcial de los Muscoideos Argentinos. Rev. Inst. Bacteriol., Buenos Aires. 4: 549-590.

Uribe, M.N., M. Wolf & C.J.B. de Carvalho. 2010. Synanthropy and ecological aspects of Muscidae (Diptera) in a tropical dry forest ecosystem in Colombia. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54 (3): 462-470.

Vargas, J. & M.D. Wood. 2010. Calliphoridae (blow flies). In: Brown, B.V., A. Borkent, J.M. Cumming, M.D. Wood, N.E. Woodley & M.A. Zumbado (eds.), Manual of Central American Diptera. Volumen 2, pp.1297-1304, National Research Council of Canada Press, Canada.

Vergnes, A., I. Le Viol & P. Clergeau. 2012. Green corridors in urban landscapes affect the arthropod communities of domestic gardens. Biol. Conserv. 145 (1): 171-178.

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.